August, who was the Duke of Brunswick- Lüneburg was the father of George I. His mother was Sophia was
the Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg. His mother Sophia was heir to the throne in England. Queen Anne signed Sophia
to the throne. Queen Anne died of suppressed gout. Her body was so swollen that it had to be buried in Westminster Abbey in an almost square coffin. Anne died shortly after
Electress Sophia had passed away. Therefore George I inherited the British Crown.
I was born on May 28, 1660 in Hanover, Germany.
George I was the oldest son of Ernst August and Sophia of Brunswick-Lüneburg. He was the heir to his father's Germany territory. George married his first cousin, Princess
Sophia of Celle in 1682. In 1683 they had their first child,
George, soon to be George II. In 1687 they had their second child, Sophia Dorothea. George did not prefer his wife Sophia;
instead he preferred his mistress, Ehrengard Melusine von der Schulenburg. He later made her Duchess of Munster and Kendal of Great Britain.
With Ehrengard Melusine Von der Schulenburg he had at least three illegitimate children. While George was having his
own romantic affair, Sophia was having one of her own. Her's was with the Swedish Count Philip Christoph von Königsmarck.
The Hanoverian court ordered the royal lovers to discontinue their relationship. The lovers refused to breakup their relationship
and George countenanced an evil plan to murder Königsmarck. Königsmarck was killed in July of 1694 and his body was thrown
into the river. His murder appears to be committed by four of King George's courtiers. It is said that he paid them 150,000
talers for the murder. The marriage of George and Sophia was dissoveled not because of the adultery but because Sophia had
"abandoned" her husband. Sophia was imprisoned in her castle in Celle
and was forbidden to talk to her father or her children.
Ernst August died in 1698. He left all of his territories to George, with the exception of the Prince-Bishopric
of Osnabrück. Prince-Bishopric was not hereditary title. It alternated between the Protestant and Roman Catholic
servants. George then became the Duke of Brunswick- Lüneburg. He also became the Archbannerbaearer and Prince-Elector
of the Roman Empire. The Act of Settlement 1701 said that even though George's mother,
Sophia was the designated heir to the Throne in Britain, if something were to happen to William III the reigning monarch or
his sister-in-law the Princess Anne of Denmark. Sophia was the closest Protestant relative to the British Royal Family. George
did not want to take the plan in Britain because he believed he should
be in Germany where he belonged. He accepted
the British plan only because his Hanoverian advisor said that he could so that his German possessions would be more secure.
A little while after George's accession in Hanover, the
War of Spanish Succession began. Philip, the grandson of the French King Louis XIV, succeeded the Spanish Throne. He succeeded
the Spanish Throne under the terms of the will of King Charles II of Spain. Many
German states opposed Philips right to succeed the Throne because they were afraid that France
would become too powerful if it had control of Spain also.
Anne of Great Britain died a few weeks after the heir to her Throne, Sophia died. Queen Anne died on August 1, 1714. That
is when George I became the King of Great Britain.
George I did not arrive to England for
almost a month after his reign had begun. George was crowned on October 20, 1714 at the Westminster
Abbey. During King George's absence from England
Lord Chief Justice of the Kings Bench acted as George's regent. When George became King he had a firm practice with the dignity
of the Prince. He made it so that the Sovereign’s children became Princes and Princesses and they were the “Royal
Highness. The great-grandchildren were known as “Highness”. He did this because he was accustomed to Hanover’s way of stating royalty. After about a year after George
I became King the Jacobite Rebellion began. This began in 1715. It was also known as “The Fifteen”. The Jacobite
Rebellion began when some Jacobites wanted to but Anne’s Catholic brother on the Throne because they did not want a
German Protestant on the Throne. The Jacobites began the rebellion in Scotland
because there was more support for them there. They began their rebellion, but failed because the battle plans were poor and
the Old Pretender was not on time. By the end of 1715 the rebellion had fallen apart and they were defeated. The British government
dealt with the insurgents. Many of the prisoners were executed. The remainders were enslaved in the colonies. Many Scottish
noble families lost their estates.
George became King of England the relationship
with his son declined greatly. It was unsteady at first but after he became king it declined even more. It got to the point
where George I almost exiled his own son. In 1717 George I helped create the
Triple Alliance, this was an anti-Spanish league made up of Great
Britain, France, and the United Provinces. In 1718 The Holy Roman Empire
was added to the body, and that was known as the Quadruple Alliance.
This set off the War of the Quadruple Alliance. This involved
the same issue as the War of the Spanish Succession.
of George’s chief ministers was Sir Robert Walpole. In 1717 Sir Robert Walpole was removed from the Cabinet by their
counterparts. Charles Townshend was also one of George’s chief ministers. He was also removed from the Cabinet by their
counterparts. Lord Stanhope became supreme in foreign affairs and Lord Sutherland and the same in domestic matters.
died on June 11, 1727. He died of a stroke in Osnabruck. He
was on his native Hanover. He was buried in the Chapel Schloss
Herrenhausen. George’s son succeeded him becoming George II. He faced a Jacobite Rebellion of 1745. The Jacobites were
defeated in the Battle of Culloden in 1746. During George
II reign the power of the Prime minister had increased. By the reign of George III the Prime Minister’s power had grown
so much that the King was often forced to appoint junior ministers against his will. George I was a great King but not very
well liked. He was not liked because he was German and did not speak English very well. Over all he was a good King.